This trainee is working with "Vectograms". Special polaroid glasses are worn, which create a "3-D" depth affect to the Vectogram pictures, IF you have a certain degree of BINOCULAR PROCESSING going on. In the level shown, the trainee is locating IN REAL SPACE, where the "rings" APPEAR to be located VISUALLY to HIM. Again, there are many DEVELOPMENTAL LEVELS and PROCEDURES of Vectogram training. SOME of the benefits of this training are enabling one to hold their eyes in more Accurate Alignment over Increased Time, Better Depth Perception Appreciation and Ability, Able to Read Longer Without Fatiguing, Increased Neural BINOCULAR Participation and Teaming, etc.

Pictured is another V.T. procedure that Dr. Sikes developed or enhanced from foundation V.T. principles and knowledge. The trainees are to do the EYE TRACKING procedures of "Thumb Rotations" and "Finger Fixations" WHILE WALKING around the ROOM. There are a number of PHYSICAL OBSTACLES placed in their way WHICH THEY ARE TO AVOID CONTACTING by using their PERIPHERAL VISION ONLY, while they ATTEND to their CENTRAL VISION'S TARGET, ( In this case, their MOVING thumb). Almost EVERYONE with VISION DIFFICULTIES have imbalances of EFFICIENT and PROPER FLOW and INTERCHANGE between PERPHERAL and CENTRAL VISION PROCESSING!

This procedure, like ALL GOOD V.T. PROCEDURES, has a series of INCREASING DEVELOPMENTAL LEVELS to address the VISION NEEDS of each patient.SOME of the VISION PROCESSES one can enhance from it are PROPER Central-Peripheral VISION interchange, Visually Guided Movement, Enlargement of Peripheral VISION Fields, Better Eye Tracking and Coordination, Intersensory Integration with VISION Leading and Guiding, etc.

This instrument is the Wayne Saccadic Fixator, or commonly called "The LiteBoard" in many V.T. practices. It has many "modes" of programing with Visual and Auditory Tone Feedback. It enables the Trainee to enhance Saccadic Eye Tracking ability which is needed to read without losing one's place, rereading words, substituting letters or words, reading letters or words backwards, etc. It also enhances Eye-Hand Coordination, Central-Peripheral VISION balance and interplay, VISION-Auditory sequencing, Divorcing HEAD MOVEMENTS from EYE MOVEMENTS, and other VISION processes.

These trainees are doing a procedure to enhance their Eye Tracking and Spatial Localizationability. It also helps eliminate "Suppression of Vision". They are wearing Special Glasses which makes them see DOUBLE. They see two targets on the "Rotator" wheel (although only one is there), and two loops (although they are only holdingone). They are to keep the rotating target In The Loop, depending on which eye is involved. This gives me and them knowledge of each eye's Tracking Ability, and if their Brain is Shutting Down (suppressing) VISION Information Processingof one or both of their VISION circuits.

These "tachistoscope" procedures help develop and enhance many VISION processes. Some are visual memory, figure-ground, timing, sequencing, grouping, directional concepts and span of recognition.

This instrument enables one to know exactly where they are directing the Center of their Macula (fovea), which is the Only Area of the retina that Enables one to see 20/20 or better. It is also the area that Activates the Focusing of one's eye and gives one the TRUE FEELING of Where they are looking. Often in cases of Amblyopia, and Strabismus, one has Neurally Shifted this area to an "off foveal" point and is the reason for limited success with just the standard practices of "patching the good eye" and eye muscle surgery.

The patient is building a parquetry design from memory, after 1st feeling the completed design, which was "out of sight" under the "feel box". This procedure enhances the Developmental Vision processes of Tactual-Visual, and Visual-Tactual Matching, which are often out of balance with many having "Learning Difficulties". It also enhances visualization and form perception abilities, visual-motor planing and sequencing skills, etc.

The trainee is wearing a pair of "Dissociating Prism Glasses" which makes her see 2  Hanging "Marsden Balls" and 2 Hand Held "Loops", even though Only ONE Physical Ball and Loop are Present.  She is to do a SERIES of Combinations of "Looping" the "Real" and "Ghost" Balls and Loops. Again, this Informs the Doctor and Patient how Each VISION CIRCUIT is Operating and their INTERACTIONS with Each Other AND with the Physical Environment, to Build ADDED Strength, Flexibility and "Degrees of Freedom" into One's VISION SYSTEM. 

This Procedure works on Interplay Between the Tactual-Visual and Visual-Tactual DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES of Human VISION Development, Eye-Hand Coordination, Spatial Localization, Suppressions of VISION, and Helps Each Eye and VISION CIRCUIT to Learn to Work Together Better AS A TEAM.   The Levels of this Procedure are Another Example of a FUN and HIGH LEVEL VISION THINKING Activity which CHANGES VISION and BRAIN Through a HIGH LEVEL, VISION THERAPY PROGRAM. 

The trainee is doing "Chiroscopic Tracings". This instrument sets up a UNIQUE Brain - VISION Interplay. In this setup, her RIGHT EYE sees a REAL PICTURE FORM, and the LEFT EYE sees a BLANK piece of paper. When she is looking at it with BOTH EYES ("Binocular"), her BRAIN is PROJECTING the RIGHT EYE PICTURE out through the LEFT EYE! She is to TRACE with the PENCIL, using ONLY her LEFT EYE, the PROJECTED NON-REAL IMAGE coming from her RIGHT EYE'S VISION PROCESSING of the REAL FORM. ( Are you confused yet?!)

The BRAIN is not used to PROCESSING VISION INFORMATION in this way. This and OTHER procedures done WITH this instrument enables one's VISION system to develop more FLEXIBILITY, to be able to HANDLE and ADAPT to VISION STRESS more efficiently, REDUCE or ELIMINATE "Suppressions of Vision", ENHANCE Eye - Hand - Grapho-Motor Integration, etc.

Shown is a trainee walking Forwards and Backwards on a Walking Rail. She is holding a pair of "Flippers" in front of her eyes which consist of 2 paired PRISM LENSES of different powers, top and bottom. The lenses DOUBLE the hanging "Marsden" ball, AT TIMES, that she is VISUALLY Attending to. Her BRAIN must now figure out a way to SOLVE this VISION dilemma, to make the balls come together and FUSE into ONE again.

This procedure and it's different LEVELS enable the 2 eyes to Coordinate Together Faster, To be able to Shift VISION Attention and Eye Alignment Accurately and Quicker From One Distance to Another, ( ie. Copying from the Blackboard, Driving, Sports, etc. ), Enhances Depth Perception and Distance Judgements and Overall Tones up the Interaction Between MANY VISION and Sensorimotor Processes.

The "Brock String" procedure enables the patient to know exactly where they are directing each eye's line of sight and when their brain is "suppressing" (shutting down) VISION information processing. It also enables one to develop more accurate eye coordination and teaming, and improves "spatial location" skills here.

Holistic Developmental, Behavioral Optometrist

Dr. Alan Sikes

Vision Training, Vision Therapy

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Vision Training

This picture shows One Level of a UNIQUE procedure called "Light the Candle". Dr. Sikes thought of, and developed this, along with it's "sister" procedures of "Light the Wire" and "Light the Torch". The trainee is holding an UPRIGHT Penlight in front of a THIN piece of Plexiglas. The REFLECTION of the Penlight Bulb is Projected BEHIND the Plexiglas, and she is to place the IMAGE of the Bulb on the Top TIP of the Upright Golf Tee, ( ie. "Light the Candle").

The VISUAL Feedback of ACCURACY is APPARENT to the Doctor and MOST OFTEN, to the Patient. OFTEN, Dr. Sikes finds a DIFFERENCE in PERCEIVED Distance Judgement of Objects of One Eye Verses the Other, and even with BOTH EYES! This is USUALLY ALL THE TIME for those with Strabismus, ("Deviated Eyes") and Amblyopia, ("Lazy Eye"), and OFTEN, for those with "Learning Related Vision Problems", "Closed Head Injuries", "Developmental Delays" and Many Other VISION Imbalances.

As implied, this ONE LEVEL, is set up to help One's BRAIN to PROGRAM better ACCURACY of Spatial Judgements so Each VISION CIRCUIT, (ie. Eye, it's Neural Pathway and Brain Processing), judges a Physical Object to be the SAME DISTANCE AWAY! FAILURE to do this helps keep AMBLYOPIC "Lazy Eyes" LAZY and STRABISMIC "Turned Eyes" TURNED!

If Surgery ONLY was Previously done on a Turned eye, OFTEN they RETURN to a DEVIATED STATE Because V.T. was NEVER DONE to Address VISION IMBALANCES like this which are OFTEN the "Seed Bed" of WHY the Eye DEVIATED IN THE FIRST PLACE!

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This shows PART of a procedure called "Jacks Visualization", which Dr. Sikes developed. Dr. Sikes QUICKLY EXPOSES a Jacks Pattern VISUALLY and the trainees must then MATCH IT, from MEMORY with their own jacks, on the board in front of them. A series of GUIDED STEPS of interaction between Dr. Sikes and the trainees, guides them to eventual MATCHES. There are a number of DEVELOPMENTALLY GUIDED INCREASED LEVELS of challenge to the procedure. One example is, "match my pattern as if it was rotated 90 degrees clockwise, FROM MY POINT OF VIEW".

Different LEVELS of the procedure work with the VISION processes of Visualization, Visual Memory, Form Perception, Laterality- Directionality, Spatial Concepts and Rotations, Visual Discrimination and Feedback, Vision Induced Expressive Language, etc.